Pandemic depression persists among older adults, study finds

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According to a new study at McMaster University, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the mental health of the elderly living in the community, making lonely people much worse.

Using data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA), a national team of researchers found that 43% of adults over the age of 50 experienced moderate or high levels of depressive symptoms at the onset of COVID-19. I found Pandemic, And it increased over time.

Loneliness is the most important predictor of worsening depressive symptoms, and other pandemic-related stressors such as family conflicts have also increased odds.

The study was published in the journal Nature aging today.

The study was led by Palminder Reina, a professor of the Faculty of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, and Science Director of the McMaster Aging Institute.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has a disproportionate impact on older people, and groups of people who have already been marginalized are experiencing a much greater negative impact,” said Linna, a senior researcher at CLSA.

“People who are socially isolated, in poor health, and have poor socio-economic status have worse depression compared to pre-pandemic depression collected as part of Canada’s longitudinal study since 2011. Was likely to be. “

The research team included Christina Wolfson of McGill University, Susan Kirkland of Dalhousie University, Lauren Griffith of McMaster, and a national team of researchers.

They use telephone and web survey data with health-related factors Social determinants Income and social participation affected the prevalence of depressive symptoms during the first blockade beginning in March 2020 and after resuming following the first wave of COVID-19 in Canada.

Long-term care responsibilities, separation from the family, family conflict, and loneliness were associated with an increased likelihood of moderate or high levels of depressive symptoms that worsened over time.

Women were also more likely to have higher odds of depressive symptoms during a pandemic than men, and more women reported separation from their families, increased care time, and barriers to care.

Overall, older people are twice as likely Depressive symptoms During a pandemic compared to before the pandemic. However, those with low incomes and poor health were more affected, either because of their existing health or health concerns reported during the pandemic.

“These findings suggest that the negative effects of pandemics on mental health may persist and may worsen over time, addressing pandemic stressors and impacting older people’s mental health. We emphasize the need for coordinated interventions to mitigate the problem, “Raina added.

The results of this survey show that more than 50,000 middle-aged and middle-aged people live in the area. senior citizen At the time of recruitment. The platform is funded by the Government of Canada, the Canadian Institute of Health and the Canadian Innovation Foundation.

For more information:

Parminder Raina, Longitudinal Analysis of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in Middle-aged and Elderly from a Longitudinal Study on Aging in Canada, Nature aging (2021). DOI: 10.1038 / s43587-021-00128-1..

Quote: Pandemic depression persists among the elderly, findings (2021, November 25) from Acquired on November 25, 2021

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